Mattress Types: The Ultimate Guide

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Finding the right mattress is essential if you’re looking for a more relaxing and rejuvenating sleeping experience, it might be difficult to choose the ideal option for you when there are so many on the market these days, but with the aid of this comprehensive article, you can make an informed decision that will guarantee a pleasant and peaceful night's sleep.

Types of mattresses

Choosing the Right Mattress

Investing in the right mattress for you allows for a multitude of benefits:

  • Spinal Support: Depending on your sleeping position and your personal preference, your mattress should promote neutral spinal alignment and lumbar support.
  • Reduced Pain: The right mattress for you will not put any constraint on your pressure points, which in turn will prevent waking up with sore joints or muscles.
  • Reduced Stress: If your mattress gives you an enhanced overall sleeping experience, this will make the quality of your life better and reduce the stress in your life in general.
  • Allergy Relief: If you’re prone to allergic reactions, you should make sure that the mattress you’re buying doesn’t trigger any of your allergies.

Mattress Sizes

Mattresses come in multiple sizes to accommodate different needs, for example, if you live in a studio apartment and you want your bed to take a minimal space you should go with the Twin mattresses, but if you’re sharing the bed with a partner and you want a bigger bed then the Queen size could be ideal for you. For more information about mattress sizes check out this article Mattress Sizes: Everything You Need To Know.

Twin38" x 75"
Twin XL38" x 80"
Single48" x 84"
Full54" x 75"
Queen60" x 80"
California King72" x 84"
King76" x 80"


A twin-size mattress is a great choice for young sleepers, or single sleepers who wish to optimize room space, Twin-size mattresses are popular among children since they are budget-friendly and take up less space in children’s bedrooms.

Twin XL

Single adults who live in a smaller apartment, or want more legroom should go with the Twin XL twin mattress, that’s why twin XL mattresses are typically found in college dorms, however, it might be a bit difficult to find bedding that fits them.


Full-size mattresses are a popular choice, as they could offer large sleeping surfaces for single sleepers, but they could also accommodate couples who don't mind snuggling to optimize the amount of space in their bedroom because full-size mattresses are larger than twin beds but less expensive than queen mattresses.


Queen-sized mattresses are the best options for single people or couples who cherish their personal space. If neither partner is taller than six feet, couples can also enjoy them. At the moment, this is the most popular mattress size.


For individuals or couples with kids who want more room to stretch out, a king bed is a popular option. If you're on a limited budget, keep in mind that a larger size bed will cost more for the mattress and sheets.

California King

Although it is longer, a California king is not as wide as a king-sized mattress. It works well for tall people or couples with pets that sleep on the bottom of the mattress.

Different Types of Mattresses


Hybrid mattress layers


Hybrid mattresses blend the softness and comfort of all foam mattresses, with the support and responsiveness of an innerspring mattress. Hybrid mattresses have a comfort layer of foam, then a transitional layer, and a base layer of innerspring coils to enhance the overall support of the mattress. for more information about hybrid mattresses check out the article What is a Hybrid Mattress?


  • Supportive: The innerspring base of hybrid mattresses provides efficient support for different sleeping styles and body weights, also, the coils give the mattress a sturdy feel along the edges, to prevent any roll-off sensation.
  • Motion isolation: The thick comfort foam layer absorbs the movement and reduces motion transfer, which makes it perfect for couples or any partner sharing the bed.
  • Responsiveness: Hybrid mattresses have an innerspring core that increases responsiveness, which allows them to swiftly adapt to your motions. You may shift around on the mattress and get out of bed with extreme ease.
  • Supportive: Hybrid mattresses typically include memory foam in the comfort layer, which gives the mattress the ability to contour your body shape. This feature additionally helps alleviate pressure in different areas of your body.


  • Price Range: Hybrid mattresses are often more expensive than other mattress types; a queen-sized hybrid mattress will run you anywhere from $1,200 to $2,000, which can be rather expensive for some people. However, a lot of businesses sell this style of mattress, and you might be able to get one cheaply or during a sale.
  • Heavy: Due to the innerspring core, hybrid mattresses are somewhat bulkier and heavier than other mattress kinds. This increases the cost of shipping since it becomes harder for you to handle and transport the mattress from one location to another. If you're thinking of buying this mattress for an elderly relative, steer clear of it because it will be difficult for them to set up.

Memory Foam

Memory foam mattress layers


There are different foam layers in memory foam mattresses, and they are used in the making of mattresses for more support and comfort, as memory foam mattresses contour to the body shape and movement by absorbing the body heat and molding it into a unique shape according to these factors. For more information about memory foam mattresses check out the article What is a Memory Foam Mattress?


  • Pressure Relief: Memory foam's ability to adapt and contour to your body shape and movements according to the pressure and body heat. You will feel less pain and discomfort if you have arthritis or joint issues since memory foam uniformly distributes weight and releases pressure on common pressure areas.
  • Spinal Alignment: Many sleepers will benefit from the contouring properties of memory foam, which promotes spinal alignment, as memory foam follows the natural curves of your body,
  • Hypoallergenic:  a great benefit of memory foam mattresses is their thick structure, which makes them less prone to attract and retain common allergens. You won't have to be concerned about mildew, dust mites, or any other allergens.
  • Motion Isolation: Memory foam mattresses can eliminate motion transfer because of their density and how they react to pressure. This kind of mattress can prevent movement from being sensed on one side of the bed if you're a light sleeper or your spouse moves around a lot while they're asleep.
  • Silent: Memory foam mattresses are commonly known for being quiet, which makes them a great choice for couples or anyone who doesn’t want to be disturbed during their sleeping experience.


  • Overheating: One of the most common complaints associated with memory foam is heat retention, as memory foam can trap body heat, causing some sleepers to feel uncomfortably warm during the night. This poses an issue, especially for hot sleepers.
  • Difficult to move: The contouring properties of memory foam might be a bit uncomfortable for some people because of the high level of sinkage, and this problem will especially affect heavier weights.


Latex mattress


A latex mattress is a type of mattress that is made of synthetic or natural latex foam. The purest type of latex comes from the sap of rubber trees, which makes it an environmentally benign and sustainable material option. for more information about latex mattresses check out the article What is a Latex Mattress?


  • Responsiveness: You can effortlessly shift positions as you sleep at night on latex mattresses, which means that you won't feel trapped on the mattress and can toss and turn as much as you like.
  • Durable: With the right maintenance, mattresses made of natural latex, may last up to fifteen years. Their longevity offers prolonged comfort and also makes them worth their price.
  • Eco-Friendly: These mattresses are eco-friendly, as the latex comes from the rubber tree sap, which is used to make natural latex mattresses.
  • Pressure-Relieving: Because latex mattresses are so soft, they can assist in relieving pressure points on your body when you lie down on them. This function prevents you from waking up with morning aches and soreness by relieving pressure from different parts of your body.


  • Price Range: The primary drawback of latex mattresses is their somewhat higher price point when compared to alternative foam mattresses. This is because, depending on the kind of latex used in the mattress, producing and obtaining latex requires a significant amount of time and money.
  • Heavy: A normal king-sized latex mattress can weigh anywhere from 180 to 200 pounds, as we have previously indicated because latex mattresses can be rather dense and hefty. If you're searching for a mattress that you can easily handle and put up by yourself, this may be a disadvantage.


Innerspring mattress layers


This kind of mattress combines the responsiveness and firm support of an innerspring coiled mattress with the softness of a foam mattress, and like other mattresses, this one features a comfort, transitional, and support layer. for more information about innerspring mattresses check out the article What is an innerspring mattress?


  • Supportive: Innerspring mattresses are known for their strong and supportive base, which makes them a great option for anyone searching for more support or for those who like a firmer feel.
  • Breathability: The support layer of the coils aids with circulation and airflow in innerspring mattresses, which can improve ventilation and airflow, this helps disperse heat and keep you cool while you sleep.
  • Durability: Innerspring mattresses are more durable than other kinds of mattresses, particularly if they are well-made or have a high coil count.
  • Affordability: These mattresses are among the most affordable on the market because they don’t feature many materials. The lower price could be beneficial for shoppers with a tighter budget.


  • Noise: The quality of your sleep can be significantly impacted by innerspring mattresses, which are notorious for making squeaky noises when someone moves on top of them, particularly if they are of lesser quality.
  • Motion Transfer: Since the metal coils transfer motion over the mattress' surface, mattresses with innerspring support cores are inevitably going to have some motion transfer levels. This might be disruptive, particularly for bed-sharing situations.
  • Potential for Sagging: Sagging is one of the wear and tear signs that innerspring mattresses exhibit over time, but this entirely depends on the material quality and level of maintenance of the mattress.

Adjustable Mattress

Two adjustable mattresses


Adjustable mattresses allow you to get a better sleeping experience by including height and angle adjustments so you may position your legs, torso, and head as needed. To customize the bed to your liking, you may use a smartphone app or a remote control. In addition, some adjustable beds are equipped with lighting, heating, and massage functions. Electric motors and hinges are used in adjustable beds to move the mattress and bed frame.


  • Better circulation: Increased blood circulation is among the adjustable beds' greatest benefits. You may enjoy a sleeping posture that facilitates your heart's ability to pump blood to the areas of your body that require it most because the bed can be adjusted to meet your sleeping style.
  • Increased comfort: There are adjustable beds that have built-in massagers. These vibrating motors help ease tense muscles and provide the sleeper with a calming and cozy feeling.
  • Wide variety: There is a vast array of shapes and sizes available for adjustable beds. Although queen- or king-size adjustable beds are considered the standard size, there is a great deal of customization available for customers with unique requirements or tastes.


  • Price Range: Adjustable beds are more costly than regular ones. After all, an adjustable bed often requires a certain mattress that fits on it in order to function effectively. These two elements drive up the average price of an adjustable bed far over that of its non-adjustable equivalents.
  • Extensive Maintenance: Adjustable beds include many cutting-edge technologies, and include a motor that powers up most of its functions, and these technologies come with a downside, as they will require extensive maintenance to stay operational.
  • Heavy: A standard bed, including the mattress, box spring, and frame, may come to roughly 200 pounds, give or take. Adjustable beds, however, might weigh up to three times as much! This implies that not only would the adjustable bed's initial move-in procedure be more challenging, but it may also be challenging to move or reposition the bed in the future.

Air Mattress

Air mattress on the ground


Air Mattresses are lightweight and inflatable mattresses, which are frequently used as a temporary sleeping solution while you’re camping, or on a sleepover, due to their mobility and practicality. For more information about air mattresses check out the article Air Mattresses


  • Affordability: While other types of mattresses cost more than $500, air mattresses are among the most affordable options available for anybody searching for a high-quality mattress on a tight budget. Air mattresses normally vary in price from $100 to $300.
  • Customizability: The fact that air mattresses can be customized in a variety of ways is one of its most distinctive qualities. You may personalize the density and firmness of your mattress in addition that it comes in a wide range of sizes and shapes.
  • Portability: Air mattresses are a terrific option for overnight guests or camping trips since they are lightweight and portable, making them easy to transport and move around.
  • Easy maintenance: Since air mattresses are composed of materials like vinyl, plastic, and rubber, they require less maintenance than other mattresses.


  • Time-consuming: For some people, the process of inflating and deflating an air mattress can be laborious and time-consuming, particularly when using a manually inflatable air mattress. Fortunately, self-inflating air mattresses provide a satisfactory resolution to this problem.
  • Unsuitable temperature: Air mattresses often have a plastic or vinyl surface. Because these materials transfer heat fast, an air mattress in cold weather will feel cold, while in warm weather, it will feel hot.
  • Not as comfortable: It's not advised for long-term usage since alternative types of mattresses offer superior pressure relief and support hybrid, innerspring, or all-foam mattresses comprised of materials like latex, memory foam, and polyfoam.

Futon Mattress

A reviewer sleeping an Futon mattress


The outer area of futon mattresses is often composed of materials like polyester or cotton, and the structure must be simple, so it can fold up and transform into a couch. Some futon mattresses also have small innerspring or standard foam as filler for additional support. For more information about Futon Mattresses check out the article Futon Mattresses


  • Affordable: It is possible to have a futon frame and mattress for less than $1,000. Futon mattresses are far less expensive than normal mattresses, which may cost up to $1000 without taking into consideration the bed frame and any other components. Futon mattresses are a wonderful choice if you have a limited budget or don't want to spend a lot of money on a guest bed.
  • Portability: Transporting a mattress can be challenging, especially if it has several parts, futon mattresses are more manageable and portable due to their small size and ability to fold up.
  • Compact: Making the most of the space in your studio apartment or college dorm is possible with the help of a futon. Because it can convert from a bed to a sofa, it offers you more room to walk around and extra seating for visitors.


  • Not Durable: The best usage for futon mattresses is as an occasional guest bed or as a short-term sleeping option. The mechanisms of a futon that allow it to change from a seat to a bed may wear out with increased use. It can last up to 10 years with minimal use; however, if you sleep or sit on it regularly, though, it will only last up to 5 years.
  • Lack of Support: Because of its shorter profile, a futon mattress tends to be firm, but this does not automatically mean that it can support larger weights, because Futons aren't meant to be your primary sleeping mattress.

Smart Mattress

A reviewer holding app controling the Smart mattress


A smart bed collects information about your sleeping habits using sensors and other technology. It makes use of this data to self-correct and enhance your sleeping experience.

Some even send data about your sleep to your smartphone, which reports on how well you're sleeping and provides advice to improve your sleeping. For more information about smart mattresses, check out the article Smart Mattresses


  • Personalized Comfort: The head and the leg area of the smart mattresses can be adjusted, each area on its own, or both areas at the same time, to achieve the most ideal position for your sleeping style.
  • Improved Sleep Quality: Smart beds often come with various technologies implemented in them to help improve the quality of your sleep, such as the temperature control feature, which prevents any excessive overheating during your sleeping experience.
  • Enhanced Wellness: Smart bed’s unique set of features promotes relaxation and adaptability, with options that enable you to track your sleeping pattern, and even if you’re suffering from insomnia you can use the audio playback to play sleeping instructions or any sound that will help you to fall asleep.


  • Price Range: Smart beds are generally expensive, as all the cutting-edge technologies included in the smart beds come with a hefty price tag, so if you’re on a tight budget smart beds might be not the best option for you.
  • Technological Challenges: When you buy a smart bed you should keep in mind that you might run into some general technological difficulties, such as glitches and compatibility issues, however, the higher the quality of your smart mattress the fewer issues you’ll probably encounter.

Mattress Coils

Diffrent mattress coils

There are many types of mattress coils, but the four primary ones are Bonnell coil, offset coil, continuous coil, and pocketed coil, and the main purpose of mattress coils is to support your body and evenly distribute the body weight.

When coils are included in the construction of innerspring and hybrid mattresses, they aid in stabilizing the mattress and promote neutral spine alignment. For more information check out the article Mattress Coils

Bonnell Coil

The oldest and most traditional kind of innerspring coils are Bonnell coils, it has an hourglass shape and they stand out due to their interconnectivity and move in unity.

Offset Coil

Offset coils have a similar appearance and feel to Bonnel coils, but they are somewhat different in that the top and bottom convolutions are removed to improve the mattress's overall motion isolation effectiveness.

Continuous Coil

Continuous coils are an innerspring type that provides strong support while promoting motion isolation. It consists of rows of coils produced from a single wire.

Pocketed Coil

Pocketed coils are individually wrapped coils that improve the mattress's ability to isolate motion while simultaneously distributing the body's weight evenly, they also provide the flexibility to conform to the shape and movement of the body.


How do I know which mattress is right for me?

There are many elements to consider when you’re choosing your mattress, such as the firmness level, the material of the mattress, your sleeping position, your body weight, and your budget.

What is the best mattress for side sleepers?

A plush mattress, specifically a memory foam, is essential if you sleep on your side to reduce strain on your hips and shoulders. However, it shouldn't be overly cozy as the force of gravity would irritate your back. We recommend the SONU Sleep System.

What is the best mattress for back sleepers?

A medium-firm mattress is a great option if you sleep on your back since it keeps your hips, lower back, and shoulders from being too cushioned while preventing the heavier parts of your body from sinking too deeply into the mattress, a hybrid or an innerspring mattress will be a great choice.

What is the best mattress for stomach sleepers?

The best mattresses for stomach sleepers are medium to firm hybrid mattresses, since they maintain your spine's neutral posture and prevent it from sinking into the bed, which can lead to back discomfort.

Which type of mattresses is better innerspring or hybrid?

Even though there aren't many distinctions between hybrid and innerspring mattresses, various people will benefit from each type of bed. Choose a hybrid mattress if you prefer a fluffy and comfortable feel, but innerspring mattresses are the best option if you're looking for a classic firm, and bouncy mattress.


Choosing the proper kind of mattress is crucial for both general health and a restful night's sleep. You may choose the best option for your needs by considering your body weight, budget, comfort preferences, and sleep position. Remember that a decent mattress is an investment in the quality of your sleep, so do your research and make an informed decision.

Jessica H.

Senior Product Editor

Jessica is a reviewer, writer, and sleep enthusiast at Sleepiverse. Jessica graduated with her master's degree in Nursing research and education. She is a registered nurse and currently works in the Intensive Care Unit. Since becoming a nurse, Jessica has worked the night shift, which means a disrupted sleep schedule. Knowing she needed to function at her best while caring for patients at night, she spent a lot of time researching how to sleep well with a difficult schedule.